What is Melasma? And what ingredients to look for in treatment cream.


Melasma is a condition associated with dark spots on your skin. The infection mainly occurs on the face and in a symmetrical manner. Other body parts that can be affected by melasma are the forearms and the neck. Skin discoloration does not cause pain but interferes with your facial appearance.

Although there is no validated cause of Melasma, the condition is associated with variations in progesterone and estrogen sensitivities. Melasma is also associated with prolonged exposure to intense U.V radiation. Ultra-violet radiation alters the way the cells that control pigment function.

However, this condition is treatable. It can also disappear naturally if the cause is pregnancy or birth control pills. Some creams are also recommended for treatment. Dermabrasion and chemical peels are also alternative treatment options. This article looks at the constituents of Melasma treatment cream.

The Azelaic Acid

This substance belongs to a category of medication referred to as dicarboxylic acids. The Azelaic acid cream is primarily used to treat lesions, redness, swelling, and pimples on the face. Azelaic acid also works well in treating acne-a condition that happens when the growing hair is plugged in by dead cells and oil

Azelaic acid also works well in Melasma treatment cream as it promotes the removal of dead skin cells. The new cells give the skin a healthy appearance. It is also important to note that Azelaic acid is an ant-oxidant that helps eliminate the free radicals- a substance responsible for forming dull skin.

Melasma Treatment Cream Has Kojic Acid

Kojic acid helps treat Melasma because it acts as an inhibitor of an enzyme called tyrosine found in melanocyte cells that are responsible for the formation of melanin. The melanin produced gives the skin and hair its dark color. As an enzyme inhibitor, Kojic acid will hinder the formation of amino acids, a building block for tyrosine. 

The Lactic Acid

Lactic acid works in Melasma treatment cream by blocking the conditions required for the rapid production of pigment-forming cells. Decreased formation of melanocyte cells is ideal for safe peeling of the skin.

The Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid works in the same manner as lactic acid in removing pigmentation on your skin. The acid wears away the darkened layer of the skin, exposing the newly formed skin layer that is young looking and glowing. Salicylic acid also portrays the ability to inhibit enzymes responsible for developing melanin-producing cells.

The Cream Contains Vitamin C

Vitamin c is responsible for forming smooth skin, thereby preventing premature skin aging. The presence of vitamin c in Melasma treatment creams makes your skin more resilient to burns. It also facilitates the neutralization of free radicals and blocks the excessive production of melanin.


The Melasma treatment cream contains a variety of constituents, each playing a vital role in improving your skin. These ingredients include; vitamin c, salicylic acid, lactic acid, Kojic acid, and Azelaic acid. 


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